Most container ships through the biggest import gateway in the US face delays as labor-related disruptions widen on the West Coast and threaten another cargo logjam.
“Basically every container vessel is having their schedule pushed back by about a day or two,” Richard Palmer of the Marine Exchange of Southern California said in an emailed operations update. He said the main reason he’s seen is a lack of “lashers,” or longshoremen who secure containers aboard ships.
Palmer said agents for 10 of the vessels attributed the delays to a shortage of workers, and that some agencies didn’t want to comment on the labor situation or didn’t specify a reason for the delay.
US West Coast ports are enduring the longest labor strife since 2015 as talks between port employers and dockworkers approach a full year without a contract. Ships thrown off schedule can have ripple effects at other ports along their routes.
Labor shortages that started last week caused some terminals on the West Coast to close. Since then there have been intermittent disruptions at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.
The previous labor contract covering 29 ports from California to Washington state expired July 1. The International Longshoremen and Warehouse Union, representing 22,000 dockworkers, and the Pacific Maritime Association, which represents ocean carriers and terminal operators, have been negotiating since May 2022.
The ILWU declined to comment on the delays.
Eight container ships were backed up and as many as 31 scheduled to arrive within the next week were delayed a day or two, according to officials who monitor maritime traffic around the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.
The snarls evoke a crisis that began in October 2020 with a backup of five vessels. Container ships laden with imported goods from Asia destined for consumers stuck at home overwhelmed the capacity of the ports, as well as the inland supply chain.
That queue reached 40 vessels by the following February, dipped to nine in June 2021 before peaking at 109 in January 2022. The backup was finally cleared in November 2022 as trade volumes on the transpacific ocean lane plummeted and has remained clear since then.
Even if the congestion continues to worsen, it’s unlikely to cause the same gridlock and air pollution seen during the worst of the pandemic because a protocol remains in place, said Kip Louttit, executive director of the Marine Exchange of Southern California.
“We anticipate that container ships will not cram into our waters and will follow the new queuing system for labor protocols once again as they did before,” he said in an email Wednesday night.
Because the queuing system activated during the pandemic remains in place, ships that don’t have a berthing time within three days of their arrival will wait offshore in a safety and air quality area, Louttit said.
“We dealt with 55 ships anchored plus 62 loitering in our waters once before and can do it again,” he said.
The White House, which has authority to prevent an economy-crippling port strike, said this week that President Joe Biden respects the collective bargaining process and that the administration wants both sides to stay at the negotiating table until a deal is reached.
© 2023 Bloomberg L.P.
Sign up for our newsletter