UKMTO Transit Corridor

John Konrad
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December 9, 2008

UKMTO Transit CorridorSource: Maritime Information Center

The International Chamber Of Commerce tells us:

EUNAVFOR strongly recommends that merchant vessels conduct their passage within the UKMTO Transit Corridor (UTC). Westbound vessels should bias themselves to the northern portion of the corridor, and eastbound vessels to the southern portion.  Vessels should avoid entering Yemeni Territorial Waters (TTWs) while on transit. This is for reasons of international law, as it is more difficult for EUNAVFOR ATALANTA and associated forces to be able to protect vessels that are attacked inside Yemeni TTW. To assist in this challenging counter-piracy task, we believe it is important that vessels communicate with EUNAVFOR ATALANTA through MSC-HOA as early as possible.  MVs may be asked to make adjustments to passage plans to conform to our routing advice.

UKMTO Transit Corridor Group Protection

The organisation of vessels into a convoy system guarded by military assets can provide some additional protection from piracy.  But this occurs at the expense of vessels which are not in the convoy, making them more vulnerable.  Furthermore, there are insufficient military assets available for counter-piracy operations in the GOA to be able to establish a reliable and regular convoy system that would provide all MVs with close protection – experts assess this would need a force of more than fifty warships. This does not mean that we cannot exploit the additional protection gained from grouping vessels together.  In fact, there is significant value in MVs being closely grouped for mutual protection.  A steady stream of traffic through the GOA UTC presents a greater number of opportunities for the pirates to target vessels for hijack.  Whereas vessels grouped together, transiting key threat areas at times known to us which are least favoured by the pirates, significantly increases our ability to provide protection.

UKMTO Transit Corridor Group Transits

We encourage vessels to conduct their passage through the UTC in groups based on passage speed.  In order to achieve this, we will promulgate via the website, position, time, and speed for vessels to pass through a waypoint at the eastern and western limits of the UTC.  This process will be known as “GOA Group Transits” (GOA GT).
GOA GT timings will be at various intervals through each 24hr period.  Each GOA GT will follow a recommended navigation track (NAVTRACK) through the UTC at a published speed that will avoid high profile piracy danger periods and allow maximum coordination of military assets in support. Transit Groups will be coordinated to cater for the differing range of speeds. During your transit you should not expect to be permanently in company with a warship.  But all warships in the GOA, whether part of EUNAVFOR or coordinating with us, will be aware of the GOA GTs and have the full details of vulnerable shipping.
The implementation of the GOA GT is designed to enhance your security as you transit through the GOA.  We would welcome your input or comments on how this service could be improved.

P A Jones
Rear Admiral
Operation Commander

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