By Andrew Mayeda and Jenny Leonard (Bloomberg) — President Donald Trump’s administration moved the U.S. to the brink of a trade war with China, announcing tariffs on $50 billion in Chinese imports that America’s biggest trading partner has vowed to retaliate against.
In a statement Friday, Trump pledged additional tariffs if China follows through on the retaliation threats. The first set of tariffs will total $34 billion and take effect July 6, with another $16 billion still to be reviewed, the U.S. Trade Representative said in a separate statement. The USTR’s list includes 1,102 product lines.
“The United States can no longer tolerate losing our technology and intellectual property through unfair economic practices,” Trump said in the statement.
Criticism from business came swiftly and U.S. stock futures fell.
“Imposing tariffs places the cost of China’s unfair trade practices squarely on the shoulders of American consumers, manufacturers, farmers, and ranchers. This is not the right approach,” Thomas Donohue, president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, said in an emailed statement.
China, the world’s No. 2 economy behind the U.S., has pledged to retaliate on U.S. exports including soybeans and pork. The U.S. imported $505 billion of goods from China last year and exported about $130 billion, leaving a 2017 deficit of $376 billion, according to government figures.
Trump has frequently cited such an imbalance as the justification for a punitive trade policy toward China, Canada, Mexico, the European Union and other trading partners.
“These tariffs are essential to preventing further unfair transfers of American technology and intellectual property to China, which will protect American jobs,” the president said in his statement Friday. “In addition, they will serve as an initial step toward bringing balance to the trade relationship between the United States and China.”
The move is a response to the USTR’s so-called Section 301 investigation earlier this year that accused China of stealing U.S. intellectual property in an effort to dominate the development of advanced technology.
Trump is shaking up the world economic order with his zeal for tariffs and embrace of trade conflict. He threw a meeting of the Group of Seven into turmoil by revoking support for the group’s joint statement and berating the summit’s host, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
So far, the U.S. has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminum imports. Economists expect the direct impact on the U.S. economy to be modest. But if the president follows through on all the duties he’s threatened, including the tariffs against China, U.S. inflation could accelerate by 15 basis points, according to Goldman Sachs.
Trump’s tariffs may also influence his efforts to bring peace to the Korean peninsula. Beijing is an important player in talks with North Korea on abandoning its nuclear-weapons program.
The president has been under pressure from U.S. lawmakers over his decision to soften a penalty on Chinese telecom-equipment maker ZTE Corp. In April, the U.S. banned the ZTE from buying American technology for seven years, effectively putting the company out of business. But Trump said this month ZTE could avoid the ban if it paid at least $1 billion in penalties, among other things. U.S. senators are seeking ways to block the deal in Congress.
© 2018 Bloomberg L.P