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World Steel Production and Utilization: Shipping Requirements Restrained

Jay Goodgal
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July 29, 2013

The World Steel Association, whose members represent approximately 85% of world steel production, reported that world crude steel production for the 64 reporting countries was 132 million tons (mt) in June 2013, an increase of 1.9% as compared to June 2012.

Comparatively, in June 2013, the dry bulk shipping fleet grew 22.3 million deadweight (dwt) tons, an increase of 3.2% over May 2013 and an increase of 6.0% as compared to June 2012. Given the dry bulk fleet orderbook to be delivered for the balance of the year is 46.3 million dwt or 590 vessels (excluding scrapping), shipping rates will remain constrained from the remainder of 2013 and through 2014 (without additional deliveries expected in 2014 of 45.3 million dwt or 563 vessels and in 2015 deliveries currently estimated at 17.6 million dwt or 229 vessels).

Shipping.Steel 06.13
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World crude steel production in the first six months of 2013 was 789.8 mt, an increase of 2.0% as compared to the same period of 2012. Asia showed an increase of 5.5% while other regions recorded negative growth in the first half of 2013. China’s crude steel production for June 2013 was 64.7 mt, up by 4.6% compared to June 2012. Elsewhere in Asia, Japan produced 9.3 mt of crude steel in June 2013, an increase of 0.9% as compared to the same month last year. South Korea’s crude steel production was 5.5 mt in June 2013, down by -5.4% on June 2012.

The European Union (“EU”) 27 produced -5.1% less and North and South America produced -5.8% and -4.6% less respectively. The U.S. produced 7.2 mt. of crude steel in June 2013, down by -0.2% on June 2012. In June 2013, Brazil produced 2.8 mt. of crude steel production, an increase of 2.7% as compared to June 2012.

The C.I.S. region showed a decrease of -3.0%.  In June 2013, Russia produced 5.7 mt of crude steel, a decrease of -0.8% as compared to the same month last year.

The crude steel capacity utilisation ratio for the 64 countries in June 2013 declined slightly to 79.2% from 79.6% in May 2013. In June 2012, crude steel utilisation was 80.7%, it is -1.5 percentage points lower as of June 2013.

Comparatively, for a recovery to occur in dry bulk shipping, a prerequisite will be that steel production and steel capacity utilisation increase materially. Given the economic slowdown occurring in China, India, the EU, not to mention an expected slowdown in the U.S., the result of sequestration and an anticipated unwinding or tapering of Quantitative Easing (“QE”), it is hard to envision that dry bulk shipping will recovery in the short-term or in the intermediate-term.

You can bet on hope, because hope is a good thing, but the reality is the short-term and intermediate-term statistics do not favor a near-term recovery, or at best, will disappoint mean reversion investors in dry bulk shipping.

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