A Look Inside the Ship and Systems Tasked with Destroying Syria’s Chemical Weapons – PHOTOS

Mike Schuler
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January 28, 2014

MV Cape Ray (T-AKR 9679)

The U.S. Department of Defense has confirmed that the M/V Cape Ray (T-AKR 9679) was deployed from Portsmouth, Virginia on Monday for its mission to the Mediterranean Sea where it will be used to destroy Syrian chemical weapons at sea.

M/V Cape Ray, which is part of the Department of Transportation’s Maritime Administration Ready Reserve Force (RRF) program, is the primary contribution of the Department of Defense toward international efforts to eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons material.

Over the last several months, hundreds of government and contract personnel have worked to prepare the vessel to neutralize Syrian chemical materials and precursors using proven hydrolysis technology according to procedures and standards set forth by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).

Officials have described what they called a field-deployable hydrolysis system, or a system that uses heat, water and bleach-like chemicals to turn some chemical weapon components into low-level hazardous waste that can be commercially stored in accordance with environmental laws.

Sea trials

Above and Below: The Military Sealift Command container ship MV Cape Ray (T-AKR 9679) seen departing row General Dynamics NASSCO-Norfolk shipyard for sea trials on January 10, 2014.

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The nearly 650-foot-long ship is travel to a yet-to-be specified location in the Mediterranean, where it will take on about 700 metric tons of both mustard gas and “DF compound,” a component of the nerve agent sarin gas. Specialists will then use two new, recently installed “field deployable hydrolysis systems” to neutralize the chemicals.

Officials said previously that aboard the Cape Ray will be 35 mariners, about 64 chemical specialists from Edgewood, Maryland, a security team, and a contingent from U.S. European Command. It’s expected the operational portion of the mission will take about 90 days.

Sea trials

Also aboard the ship are two Field Deployable Hydrolysis Systems units (shown below), which will operate 24 hours a day in parallel to complete the chemical warfare agent neutralization mission.

The FDHS systems can, depending on the material, process between 5 to 25 metric tons of material a day. With two systems, that means as much as 50 metric tons a day of chemical warfare agents can be destroyed. The mission requires disposal of 700 metric tons of material.

MV Cape Ray prepares for mission to destroy chemical weapons

Each unit costs about $5 million and contains built-in redundancy and a titanium-lined reactor for mixing the chemical warfare agents with the chemicals that will neutralize them.

MV Cape Ray prepares for mission to destroy chemical weapons

All waste from the hydrolysis process on M/V Cape Ray, about 700 metric tons of material over the course of the mission, will be safely and properly disposed of at commercial facilities to be determined by the OPCW, with no hydrolysis byproducts released into the sea or air. The Cape Ray and its crew is also to comply with all applicable international laws, regulations, and treaties.

MV Cape Ray prepares for mission to destroy chemical weapons

Below: The two Field Deployable Hydrolysis Systems are housed inside two environmentally friendly tents set up below deck.

A tent containing one of two Field Deployable Hydrolysis Systems that are installed on the Military Sealift Command container ship MV Cape Ray (T-AKR 9679). The system is designed to neutralize up to 25 metric tons of chemical warfare agents a day. (U.S. Army photo by Todd Lopez/Released)

Below: The ship is equipped with tanks that will be used to hold chemical reagents used to destroy the chemical weapons.

Tanks are seen aboard the Military Sealift Command container ship MV Cape Ray (T-AKR 9679). The tanks are used to hold chemical reagents used to destroy chemical weapons. Cape Ray was modified and deployed to the eastern Mediterranean Sea to dispose of Syrian chemical weapons in accordance with terms Syria agreed to in late 2013. (U.S. Army photo by Todd Lopez/Released)

The Assad regime in Syria is responsible for transporting the chemical materials safely to facilitate their removal for destruction, officials said.

“The international community is poised to meet the milestones set forth by the OPCW, including the June 30 target date for the total destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons materials, officials added. “The United States joins the OPCW and the United Nations in calling on the Assad regime to intensify its efforts to ensure its international obligations and commitment are met so these materials may be removed from Syria as quickly and safely as possible,” the statement concluded.

The M/V Cape Ray and its crew deployed Monday with a message of encouragement from Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel:

“As you all know, your task will not be easy,” Hagel said in a message to the Cape Ray crew. “Your days will be long and rigorous. But your hard work, preparation and dedication will make the difference.

“You are ready,” the secretary continued. “We all have complete confidence in each of you. You represent the best of our nation, not only because of your expertise and commitment, but because of your willingness to serve when called upon. For that, we will always be grateful. We are also grateful to your families for the love and support they have given you. On behalf of our country and the American people, I wish you much success. Take care of yourselves. God bless you all.”

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