FILE PHOTO: Cars drive under a downed power pole in the aftermath of Hurricane Fiona in Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico September 21, 2022. REUTERS/Ricardo Arduengo/File Photo

Puerto Rico’s Governor Calls on Biden for Jones Act Waiver But Justification Questionable

Mike Schuler
Total Views: 3196
September 27, 2022

Puerto Rico’s Governor has sent a letter to President Joe Biden requesting a limited waiver of Jones Act for petroleum products and LNG as the U.S. Commonwealth continues to recover of Hurricane Fiona’s landfall more than a week ago.

In his letter, Governor Pedro Pierluisi writes that unidentified “fuel distributors” on the island have informed his office that diesel supplies are dwindling due to the high demand and shortages have already been reported across the island.

“These entities have notified us that a temporary waiver to the Jones Act provisions… would allow them to increase diesel supplies on the Island,” the letter states. He’s therefore asking for a Jones Act waiver limited to “petroleum-derived products and LNG.”

“This specifically targeted and termporary relief would allow Puerto Rico to diversify its fuel sources, ease supply constraints, and mitigate the risk of a fuel shortage in the middle of the response to the emergy caused by Hurricane Fiona,” Pierluisi writes.

The letter provided no details about the specific fuel distributors requests or examples of supply shortages.

The letter to President Biden comes one day after a foreign-flagged tanker, the Marshall Islands-flagged GH Parks, arrived off the southern coast of Puerto Rico with 300,000 barrels of diesel from Texas City, Texas back on September 15th. Governor Pierluisi on Monday tweeted that he had requested the intervention of DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas to allow the ship to dock.

Under the Jones Act, the tanker is prohibited from delivering the diesel cargo in Puerto Rico as it would constitute transporting merchandise between U.S. points, and therefore reserved for U.S.-flag “coastwise-qualified” vessels. Details about the specific waiver related to the GH Parks, including when it was requested and for what reason, are unclear. 

Jones Act waivers can only be issued by the DHS in the “interests of national defense” and after it is determined that insufficient qualified U.S.-flag vessels are available. Similar to Hurricane Maria in 2017, as of now it appears supply problems on the island are more due to inland distribution than Jones Act or international ocean shipping.

Journalist David Begnaud, who has been covering the ship on Twitter, said he spoke to the U.S. Coast Guard on Monday and was told the island had plenty of diesel supplies, quoting them saying: “They are all comfortably supplied.”

Puerto Rico Ports Authority Director, Jose Piza, said in an interview reported Tuesday that the Jones Act wasn’t even the problem considering the island has taken in more 600,000 gallons of diesel from foreign vessels over the past two weeks, and also hinting that the GH Parks waiver may have been requested too late.

As reports of the GH Parks parks began circulating online, a Jones Act articulated tug barge (ATB) belonging to Jacksonville, Floriday-based Crowley was delivering diesel to the island.

The White House has reportedly indicated the Biden Administration is “closely evaluating” any waiver requests for Puerto Rico, without providing specifics.

“While American Maritime has been delivering consistently, and offloading fuel even as this statement is made, foreign carriers are actively looking to profit from this disaster at the expense of the Puerto Rican people; it is bad precedent, it undermines U.S. law, and puts foreign shippers ahead of Americans,” said Ku’uhaku Park, President of the American Maritime Partnership, on Monday following reports of the GH Parks. The AMP lobbies on behalf of U.S. domestic maritime interests and is a proponent of the Jones Act. “There is no indication that American shipping capacity is insufficient to meet demand, and, therefore, no justification for a waiver of the Jones Act.”

The Jones Act is highly controversial in Puerto Rico and attacks on the law, especially after natural disasters like hurricanes, are nothing new. Section 27 of the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, more commonly referred to as the Jones Act, requires that goods transported between U.S. ports, such as the U.S. mainland and Puerto Rico, are transported on vessels that are U.S. built, owned, operated, and crewed. Advocates say the law ensures reliable shipping services to the U.S. Commonwealth and can provide more reliable relief than foreign ships considering the vast supply chain infrastructure that is in already place.

In a LinkedIn post published Monday, Overseas Shipholding Group president and CEO Sam Norton, said Jones Act waivers should be resisted in almost all cases and called requests a form of disaster arbitrage. OSG operates tankers in the both the Jones Act and international market.

“Generally little understood is that vessels operating under the Jones Act are usually a better source of reliable relief than are foreign flag vessels. Granting even occasional waivers perniciously undermines the stability of these regular supply chains,” Norton writes.

For what it’s worth, as a resident commissioner from Puerto Rico in the U.S. House of Representatives, Governor Pierluisi in 2013 introduced legislation to exempt the island from the U.S. build requirement of the Jones Act.

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