stereoview – Head Winds and Heavy Swells on the Atlantic; 1903
Divers in Sweden sniff out 340-year-old shipwrecked cheese
Dairy product described as ‘mixture of yeast and Roquefort’
discovered during exploration of warship that sank in 1676
Divers exploring a historic royal shipwreck off the south-east coast of Sweden have discovered what they believe is probably a chunk of exceedingly smelly, 340-year-old cheese.
“We’re pretty sure it’s some kind of dairy product, butter or cheese,” said Kalmar county museum’s Lars Einarsson, who is in charge of the dive on the wreck of the Kronan, a 126-gun warship that sank in 1676.
In the 21st Century we ship, fly and truck our food supply across huge distances. Britain, for example, imports 90% of its fresh fruit. The BBC’s Mike Johnson is dockside at one of Europe’s biggest ports to hear how – and why – the world is racking up the food miles.
“I’m stumped, I have no idea—I couldn’t even hazard a guess,” one researcher says in the video.
The team used a vacuum system to slurp up the creature. Once aboard the ship, it began to unfold into two distinct lobes and looked like it could be a new species of nudibranch, according to the team’s website. Known for their brilliant hues, nudibranchs are a type of sea slug that inhabit a range of environments. Smithsonian
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HMS Galatea (71) – built by Scotts Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. (Greenock, Scotland), with the keel being laid down on 2 June 1933. She was launched on 9 August 1934, and commissioned 14 August 1935. In April 1940 she was involved in the Norwegian Campaign, leaving on 25 April transporting part of the Norwegian National Treasury to Britain.
On 14 December 1941 before midnight Galatea (Captain E.W.B. Sim) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-557 off Alexandria, Egypt. Captain Sim, 22 officers and 447 ratings were killed. Some 100 survivors were picked up by the destroyers Griffin and Hotspur. Less than 48 hours later, U-557 was rammed by the Italian torpedo boat Orione and sunk with all hands. more on wikipedia
TheSS Ile de France was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire, France for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. The ship was the first major ocean liner built after the conclusion of World War I, and was the first liner ever to be decorated entirely in the Art Deco style.
Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Company Ltd was formerly an independent company, located on the River Tyne at Point Pleasant, near Wallsend, Tyne & Wear, around a mile downstream from the Swan Hunter shipyard, with which it later merged. Formed by Charles Mitchell, a shipbuilder, in November 1871. The company manufactured Parsons turbines under license for ships including the famous RMS Mauretania and numerous British warships. In 1977 the business was nationalised and became part of British Shipbuilders. more on wikipedia
Back in 1920s America, the Hans Kasemann Midgets were the biggest little thing in Vaudeville. Travelling from theatre to music hall, the group of little performers put on dance routines and comedy skits to delighted audiences. more on Daily Mail
Formidable was an Amiral Baudin-class ironclad battleship of the Marine nationale; Launched: 16 April 1885. In 1890, she was the platform for captive balloon experiments. In May 1891, she became the flagship of the Mediterranean squadron, and 1898 was transferred to the Atlantic squadron, based in Brest.
Jauréguiberry was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale), launched in 1893. She was in the Mediterranean when World War I broke out and spent most of 1914 escorting troop convoys from North Africa and India to France. She supported French troops during the Gallipoli Campaign in 1915, then became a guard-ship at Port Said from 1916 for the duration of the war. After her return to France in 1919 she was used as an accommodation hulk until 1932, and sold for scrapping in 1934.
USS Long Island (CVE-1) decommissioned on 26 March 1946 at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 12 April, she was sold to Zidell Ship Dismantling Company of Portland, Oregon on 24 April 1947 for scrapping. However, on 12 March 1948, she was acquired by the Canada-Europe Line for conversion to merchant service. Upon completion of conversion in 1949, she was renamed Nelly, and served as an immigrant carrier between Europe and Canada. In 1953, she was renamed Seven Seas.
In 1955, she was chartered to the German Europe-Canada Line. On 17 July 1965, she had a serious fire and was towed to St John’s, Newfoundland. She was repaired and started her last voyage on 13 September 1966. She was bought by Rotterdam University the same year and employed as a students’ hostel until 1977, when she was scrapped in Belgium. more on wikipedia
USS Culgoa (AF-3) was a refrigerated supply ship in the United States Navy. Built in 1889 by J.L. Thompson and Sons, Ltd. of Sunderland, England and purchased at Cavite, Philippines on 4 June 1898. During the naval blockade of Manila, the vessel supplied the American squadron with ice and meat. Since she was not a commissioned naval vessel, Culgoa could purchase supplies while avoiding the neutrality laws that banned sales to the Navy.
Sailing from New York on 21 September 1907 Culgoa was loaned to the Panama Railway Company for an emergency shipment of beef, returning to New York 16 October 1907. On 11 December Culgoa left to join the Atlantic Battleship Fleet at Santa Lucia as mobile stores ship, one of four auxiliaries accompanying the sixteen battleships on the cruise of the “Great White Fleet“.
On 3 January 1909, while at Port Said she broke off from fleet duties to bring emergency supplies to Messina, Italy, which had been ravaged by an earthquake. Culgoa was decommissioned at New York City on 31 December 1921 and sold in 1922. wikipedia
HMHS Gloucester Castle (His Majesty’s Hospital Ship) was a steam ship originally built for the Union-Castle Line, but requisitioned for use as a British hospital ship during the First World War. She was, however, salvaged, and returned to civilian service after the war. She was sunk again by the German commerce raider Michel off Ascension Island in the South Atlantic in 1942. more on wikipedia
The S.S. Grand View Point Hotel was remodeled in 1931 to give the impression of an ocean liner, because the owner saw a resemblance between early morning mists rising from the valley and billowing ocean waves. – The Ship Hotel: A Grand View along the Lincoln Highway (Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 2010), author Brian Butko
The term “Chunder” is short for “Watch Under”, which means someone is throwing up. It comes from the days when immigrant future Aussies were on the ships from Britain, many as convicts. Nowadays, it just means drinking too much.
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