The National Transportation Safety Board says that BAE Systems knew about the poor condition of multiple mooring bollards at its Mobile shipyard prior to when the Carnival Triumph broke free from the companies Pier K in April 2013, causing almost $3 million in damage.
On April 3, 2013, about 1328 local time, the cruise ship Carnival Triumph was moored and undergoing repairs at the BAE Systems shipyard in Mobile, Alabama following the February 2013 power outage in the Gulf of Mexico, when the Port of Mobile experienced a period of high wind with gusts up to 65 m.p.h.
The high winds caused the Carnival Triumph to break free from its moorings and drift across the Mobile River, where it collided with the moored dredge Wheeler. A responding towing vessel, Noon Wednesday, also became pinned between the cruise ship and the dredge. The storm resulted in the death of one shipyard employee and another was injured, although not directly related to the Carnival Triumph breaking free.
The total damage amount was estimated to be more than $2.9 million, including $200,000 in damage Wheeler and $3,000 in damage to Noon Wednesday.
In their report, the NTSB determined that the probably cause of the ship breaking free was the successive failure of multiple mooring bollards, which were known by BAE Systems to be in poor condition with an undetermined mooring load capability.
The report reveals that in June 2010, BAE Systems had contracted an engineering firm to determine the general condition of Pier K, where Carnival Triumph was moored, and the adjacent Pier H. The engineering firm concluded that most of the mounting hardware was poorly attached to Pier K, that many fasteners holding the bollards to the deck had evidence of corrosion, and that the remaining capacity of those fasteners was suspect. A recommendation in the report stated, “conduct an analysis of the mooring capacity of the pier with consideration for heavy weather mooring conditions.” The overall condition of Pier K was deemed “poor.”
The NTSB report said that despite the assessment, BAE Systems did not perform any further engineering analysis on the mooring hardware on Pier K before the accident and BAE also did not disclose to Carnival Triumph personnel that Pier K was deemed to be in poor condition.
The NTSB report did not make any recommendations.